How to Get Rid of Sore Throat?
Sore throat or pharyngitis refers to a condition characterized by scratchiness, pain and irritation affecting the throat. It happens when the cells in the mucus membrane have become inflamed or swollen. The most common cause of sore throat is viral infection such as flu or cold. Bacteria or allergies may also cause it. It is also often a side effect of strained vocal cords.
A scratchy throat can cause discomfort when swallowing. Sore throat may not be a serious illness, but it provides irritation and discomfort that may last for days if not properly taken care of. There are many ways on how to get rid of sore throat. You can always use over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol. If you are experiencing severe sore throat, you can use antibiotics. You can also use cough syrup and other sore throat medicines. Here are some easy and effective ways on how to get rid of sore throat:
1. Licorice Roots
The first way on how to get rid of sore throat is by using licorice. A licorice root contains anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties that offer relief and minimize irritation and swelling in the respiratory tract. It contains a soothing substance that helps protect damaged or inflamed tissues.
Aside from that, it also contains a substance that loosens phlegm and removes mucus from the lungs and throat. A study conducted in 2009 found that licorice roots soothed patients’ throat and reduced coughing after surgery. You can use licorice by mixing it with water to create a gargle solution. You can also make a licorice tea or juice by mixing it with a flavoring such as honey.
2. Salt and Water
The second remedy on how to get rid of sore throat is by gargling salt and water mixture. Saltwater is the oldest and most effective home remedy for sore throat. Studies proved that gargling with salt and water is not only a belief but actually a scientifically proven remedy for cough and sore throat. The University of Puget Sound found out that salt and water mixture reduces swelling and inflammation. It helps kill bacteria or virus in the throat.
The salt acts as an antiseptic that draws excess water out of the mucus membrane, thereby clearing the throat. The salt water solution loosens mucus, which makes it easier to flush out irritants or bacteria. It also eases the pain and it allows stuffy nose to drain properly. Another study done by the Student Health Services at the University of Connecticut found that gargling with warm salt water solution can help soothe sore throat and break down secretion to keep the throat clean.
Using products with peppermint oil is one of the most effective remedy on how to get rid of sore throat. The American Cancer Society found out that [emaillocker id=”892″]sprays with peppermint oil can relieve sore throat. Another study conducted by University of Maryland Medical Center said that peppermints contain menthol, which helps loosen mucus and soothe sore throats and coughs. It is said to be an effective decongestant and expectorant because of the menthol it contains.
A 2008 study published in the Harefuah journal found that peppermint contains antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help in numbing, soothing and calming the throat. Another study conducted in 2010 found out that compared to a placebo, peppermint provides more immediate and significant improvement in throat symptoms.
Honey is an effective remedy to reduce swelling and discomfort in the throat. How does it get rid of sore throat? It acts as a hypertonic osmotic, which means that it draws water out of the inflamed tissue. Honey contains antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic properties that fight against bacteria or virus. Those properties help coat the throat when it is dry, scratchy and painful. It also gives complete relief and speeds up healing.
Honey also contains plant enzymes that dampen tissue inflammation. It is advisable to take raw honey twice a day for better relief. You can also make honey lemon juice or honey water for a speedy recovery.
5. Baking Soda
How to get rid of sore throat using baking soda? Well, you can simply mix the baking soda and a glass of water and then gargle it. You can also add it to your tea or juice. Baking soda contains a lot of nutrients that help treat a lot of illness such as sore throat. Baking soda contains alkaline pH balance that reduces irritation affecting the throat. The antibacterial properties of baking soda kill germs and stop the development of yeast and fungi in the throat. Aside from that, baking soda eliminates pain causing acids.
6. Slippery Elm
Here is another natural way on how to get rid of sore throat. Slippery elm is one of the traditional herbs used to relieve sore throat. University of Maryland Medical Center said that Native Americans relieve cough and sore throat by taking the slippery elm orally. Nowadays, the inner bark of the slippery elm is dried, powdered and then added to teas and juices. It has mucilage, which is a mucus-like [/emaillocker]substance that turns into a slick gel after combining it with water. It coats and soothes irritated or inflamed mucous membrane. It also causes increased mucus secretion.
7. Sage and Echinacea
Using sage and Echinacea is also another way on how to get rid of sore throat. Sage and Echinacea are herbs used to treat sore throat during the olden times. You can take the herb individually but taking both will provide faster relieve because the two complement each other. A 2009 study found that taking in sage and Echinacea has the same effect as other medicinal sprays. It reduces sore throat symptoms.
Aside from that, it eases the pain of the swollen nasal passage. Echinacea also boosts the immune system, giving it the nutrients it needs to fight infections. On the other hand, sage contains antibacterial and antiseptic properties. You can mix the powdered sage and Echinacea with water and gargle it thrice a day. You can also pour hot water on the powdered mixture, stir and then drink it.