How to Get Rid of Nausea
People who frequently experience nausea search every possible solution on how to get rid of nausea to ease the queasy feeling. But first, one must understand the nature and the causes of nausea in order to ease the unexplained sensation of discomfort.
Nausea or simply vomiting is typically perceived to be an unexplained feeling of uneasiness and dizziness which leads to vomiting. Most medical references agree that nausea is not painful. According to Dr. Ananya Mandal MD, nausea or qualm is a feeling of discomfort felt in the upper abdomen. This discomfort is accompanied by an urge to vomit. Harvard Health Publications (HHP) confirmed that nausea may not be accompanied by an uncomfortable feeling of vomiting. HHP even clarified that nausea is not a disease but rather a symptom brought about by a number of disorders.
How Nausea Occurs
Medical sources explain that when the body prepares to vomit, the esophageal sphincter relaxes. This causes the abdominal muscles and the diaphragm to contract. The windpipe or the larynx then closes and makes the lower portion of the stomach contract as well.
Nausea is often triggered by problems in the different body organs, particularly in the brain or in the upper gastrointestinal tract, small intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. It may even be brought about by viral infection. Sometimes, this sensation may even cause severe chest pain. Other medical experts even say that episodes of nausea could be caused by psychological issues.
The causes of nausea vary from one person to another. But in general, nausea is described to be an over-all uncomfortable feeling that is usually felt at the chest area or in the upper abdomen. Some people even experience discomfort at the back of the throat. Often, it is accompanied by profound sweating. Most doctors say that nausea goes with retching or the continuous rhythmic involuntary contractions of respiratory and abdominal muscles.
Some people may experience nausea during long rides. Some medical experts associate this symptom with diarrhea or headaches. Women who are in the early months of pregnancy also experience nausea. This is commonly known as “morning sickness.”
Some may experience this symptom because of alcohol toxicity. Medical experts also agree that nausea is usually caused by side effects from oral medications. In these cases, flushing the toxins or substances from the body is the most effective way on how to get rid of nausea.
Considering there are a number of causes of nausea, it is important to see a doctor to find out exactly what is causing such symptoms especially when episodes happen frequently. Only when the causes have been established can the doctor give the right advice on how to get rid of nausea.
Consulting a Medical Professional
When seeing a doctor for nausea, the patient must be ready to give the information necessary to make an accurate diagnosis and to give the appropriate treatment on how to get rid of nausea. The doctor must know the complete medical history and the recent relevant activities of the patient. Sometimes, the doctor may also ask about the amount of food intake and the current activities of the person who is experiencing nausea. This is especially true for women who are sexually active. The doctor must know the last date of the menstrual period and, if necessary, the type of birth control used.
Medical tests may also be ordered aside from the routine blood pressure taking and abdominal examination. Sometimes, neurological examination or other tests may vary depending on the medical history and the symptoms experienced by the patient. Pregnancy tests are conducted for women who are suspected to be pregnant. For those who recently suffered from accidental injuries such as a head injury, a brain imaging test or computed tomography (CT) scan may be required.
The Usual Suspects
Available medical sources cite a number of suspected causes of nausea. In order to know how to get rid of nausea, it is important to first determine the presence of one or several of these health problems:
- Abdominal and pelvic organs problems. The following gastrointestinal problems commonly trigger nausea: anorexia, bulimia nervosa, excessive eating, and other eating disorders; food poisoning; stomach flu or infection; peptic ulcer or ulcerative colitis; appendicitis; gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying (usually seen on people with diabetes); Crohn’s disease; irritable bowel syndrome; GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disorder); gastroenteritis or food poisoning; pancreatitis; norovirus; kidney failure and kidney disorders; hepatitis; a blocked or stretched intestine or stomach; irritation of the stomach, intestinal lining, appendix, and pelvic organs; constipation; and normal menstruation.
- Inner ear problems —vertigo (sensitivity to position change or benign positional vertigo); motion sickness; viral infections of the inner ear or labyrinthitis; and certain brain or nerve tumors.
- Side effects of some body chemical changes such as low blood sugar or caffeine
- Alcohol use or intoxication and alcohol withdrawal, including a hangover
- Anesthesia — from recovering surgery
- Anxiety or depression, intense pain, emotional stress such as fear, chronic fatigue syndrome
- Cancer and chemotherapy
- Reaction to smells or odors
- Heart attacks or acute myocardial infarction
- Concussion or brain injury, brain tumor, hydrocephalus or “water on the brain,” head injuries, raised pressure within the skull, meningitis or inflammation, and infection of the membranes covering the brain
- Addison’s disease (progressive anemia)
- Viral infections including chicken pox, influenza, or pneumonia
- Electrolyte imbalance, mainly a rise in blood levels of potassium
- Stress and sleep deprivation
- Withdrawal syndrom
Natural Ways on How to get rid of nausea
Given the varied causes, there are a lot of ways to deal with nausea. Many people often self-diagnose and medicate when they experience episodes of nausea. Instead of resorting to medications that have not been prescribed by a medical professional, it would be a good idea to try these tips on how to get rid of nausea first. When the episodes last for longer periods or occur more frequently, it is still best to consult a doctor.
- Keep a healthy mind. This will help reduce the chances of having nausea. When the nausea is caused by psychological factors, the attacks of nausea are actually triggered by the feeling of wanting to vomit. Keep things light. Relax. When the mind is occupied with light and happy thoughts, it is less likely to get worked up enough to cause it to trigger nauseous feelings.
- Watch your diet. Eating small, frequent meals and snacking very slowly throughout the day may also decrease the chances of having nauseous attacks. Crackers are often safe enough to eat. It does not have fat and spices that can cause stomach irritations. Some women may find carbohydrates to disrupt the feeling of vomiting. However, a medical source says that people should take food rich in protein instead. Others say that eating in a cool room temperature may free someone from the nauseous feelings.
- Avoid lying down after eating. This is the common advice on how to get rid of nausea for people who experience nausea episodes due to gastrointestinal problems. It is recommended not to lie down on the left side after meals since such position slows down the digestion of food. Avoid fatty foods, spicy, acidic, and fried foods. Eating bland food may help.
- Increase fluid intake. Remember though not to overdo it to the point that the stomach feels full. It may be helpful to sip small amounts of fluids throughout the day. It is good to drink a quart and a half daily. Sports drinks with glucose, salt, and potassium to replace lost electrolytes may help as well.
- Avoid the triggers of nausea. Again, this varies from one person to another. Paying attention to what happens before your nausea episodes happen will help you find out how to get rid of nausea for good. If it’s the air freshener in the room that triggers your nauseous feeling, switch to another brand or totally ditch air fresheners. There are scents that are actually found to relax the mind and body and ease anxious feelings that often lead to nausea.
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